Skip to main content

Site Navigation

Site Search


Employee Benefit Plan Considerations During Mergers and Acquisitions

July 06, 2023

Employee benefits matters may not be at the top of the agenda amid a merger or acquisition, but they are vital to a successful transition. We dive in here.

Are you in the midst of a merger or acquisition (M&A)? Employee benefit plans are a common source of substantial hidden liabilities. Employee benefit specialists should be engaged early in the due diligence process to identify potential liabilities and determine appropriate remediations.

Proper employee benefit due diligence can spot issues early on, such as the following:

  • Qualified plan defects - Any retirement plan that fails to meet the tax code’s qualified plan rules is a red flag of potential liability. Careful due diligence can identify known qualification defects and advise appropriate steps to avoid inheriting any associated liability.
  • IRS reporting failures - Many employee benefit plan sponsors fail to properly file required reports with the IRS, such as Form 5500 (annual return of an employee benefit plan) or Forms 1094-C and 1095-C (reporting offers of health coverage). Late filing penalties, which accrue each day, can become substantial over time. Unless proper steps are taken, this liability may pass on to the successor employer.
  • Health and Welfare Plans - Employer “pay or play” penalties - Companies that employ 50 or more full-time employees are subject to the Affordable Care Act’s “pay or play” provisions. This provision imposes substantial tax penalties if the employer fails to offer sufficient health coverage to its full-time employees. Employee benefit specialists can help assess the risk of penalties and advise on appropriate representations and warranties to protect the successor employer.

Fortunately, most employee benefit-related liabilities can be avoided if caught early enough in the due diligence process. Once areas of potential liability are flagged, employee benefit specialists can advise on appropriate protective measures. Failure to engage employee benefit specialists early enough can result in inheritance of plan-related liabilities that, in some cases, may go on to impact the acquiring entity’s own plans.

Questions? Contact us. We’d be happy to help.

Stay informed. Get all the latest news delivered straight to your inbox.

Also in Business Blog

up arrow Scroll to Top